“Soil pollution” refers to the presence in the soil of a chemical or substance out The main anthropogenic sources of soil pollution are the chemicals used in or. Mark Hodson, Soil pollution and its impact on soil life. 2. Structure. • Sources of soil pollution. • How wide spread is the problem? • When is a pollutant a problem. Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of .. Rebecca; Joy, Varsha; S, Aiswarya; Jacob, Priya A. "Treatment Methods for Contaminated Soils – Translating Science into Practice" (PDF).

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Jan 20, An easy-to-understand guide to the causes and effects of land pollution. Find out how soil can become contaminated with toxic chemicals and how dangerous this contamination may be for humans. Soil pollution occurs when the presence of toxic chemicals, pollutants or contaminants in the soil is in high enough concentrations to be of risk to plants, wildlife.

As with fungicides , the first insecticides used in the nineteenth century were inorganic e. Paris Green and other compounds of arsenic. Nicotine has also been used since the late eighteenth century.

They are cheap to produce, potent and persistent. DDT was used on a massive scale from the s, with a peak of 72, tonnes used Then usage fell as the harmful environmental effects were realized. It was found worldwide in fish and birds and was even discovered in the snow in the Antarctic.

It is only slightly soluble in water but is very soluble in the bloodstream. It affects the nervous and endocrine systems and causes the eggshells of birds to lack calcium causing them to be easily breakable. It is thought to be responsible for the decline of the numbers of birds of prey like ospreys and peregrine falcons in the s — they are now recovering.

As it has low water solubility, it tends to stay at the water surface, so organisms that live there are most affected. DDT found in fish that formed part of the human food chain caused concern, but the levels found in the liver, kidney and brain tissues was less than 1 ppm and in fat was 10 ppm, which was below the level likely to cause harm. Organophosphates , e.

Parathion is highly toxic, methyl-parathion is less so and Malathion is generally considered safe as it has low toxicity and is rapidly broken down in the mammalian liver.

This group works by preventing normal nerve transmission as cholinesterase is prevented from breaking down the transmitter substance acetylcholine, resulting in uncontrolled muscle movements. There is little published evidence on this type of contamination largely because of restrictions placed by governments of many countries on the publication of material related to war effort. However, mustard gas stored during World War II has contaminated some sites for up to 50 years [5] and the testing of Anthrax as a potential biological weapon contaminated the whole island of Gruinard.

This tends to result in the development of [List of pollution-related diseases pollution-related diseases] Health consequences from exposure to soil contamination vary greatly depending on pollutant type, pathway of attack and vulnerability of the exposed population.

Chronic exposure to chromium , lead and other metals, petroleum, solvents, and many pesticide and herbicide formulations can be carcinogenic, can cause congenital disorders , or can cause other chronic health conditions.

Industrial or man-made concentrations of naturally occurring substances, such as nitrate and ammonia associated with livestock manure from agricultural operations, have also been identified as health hazards in soil and groundwater.

Mercury and cyclodienes are known to induce higher incidences of kidney damage and some irreversible diseases. PCBs and cyclodienes are linked to liver toxicity.

(Malayalam) Part 1: Environmental Pollution

Organophosphates and carbonates can induce a chain of responses leading to neuromuscular blockage. Many chlorinated solvents induce liver changes, kidney changes and depression of the central nervous system. There is an entire spectrum of further health effects such as headache, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash for the above cited and other chemicals.

Draft SGVs for benzene, naphthalene and xylene have been produced but their publication is on hold.

Soil Pollution Prevention and Remediation

Toxicological data Tox has been published for each of these contaminants as well as for benzo[a]pyrene, benzene, dioxins, furans and dioxin-like PCBs, naphthalene, vinyl chloride, 1,1,2,2 tetrachloroethane and 1,1,1,2 tetrachloroethane, 1,1,1 trichloroethane, tetrachloroethene, carbon tetrachloride, 1,2-dichloroethane, trichloroethene and xylene.

In March , the issue of Uranium poisoning in Punjab attracted press coverage.

It was alleged to be caused by fly ash ponds of thermal power stations, which reportedly lead to severe birth defects in children in the Faridkot and Bhatinda districts of Punjab. The news reports claimed the uranium levels were more than 60 times the maximum safe limit. Scientific studies, based on over samples from various sampling points, could not trace the source to fly ash and any sources from thermal power plants or industry as originally alleged.

This highest concentration found in samples was less than those found naturally in ground waters currently used for human purposes elsewhere, such as Finland. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Further information: Environmental Protection Agency , Washington D.

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International Journal of Education and Applied Research. Retrieved February 19, Int J Occup Environ Health. Olawoyin, S.

Oyewole, R.

Grayson, Potential risk effect from elevated levels of soil heavy metals on human health in the Niger delta , Ecotoxicol. Gupta, C. Kincaid, P. Mayer, C.

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Newbill and C. Marine Pollution Bulletin. Agarwal, Y. Zhou, Y. Liu Remediation of oil contaminated sand with self-collapsing air microbubbles. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. The Times of India.

BBC News. Topics in soil science. Soil classification.

Water pollution in India

Types of soil. Acid rain Air quality index Atmospheric dispersion modeling Chlorofluorocarbon Indoor air quality Global dimming Global distillation Global warming Ozone depletion Atmospheric particulate matter Smog.

Environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products Environmental impact of shipping Environmental monitoring Eutrophication Freshwater environmental quality parameters Groundwater pollution Hypoxia Marine debris Marine pollution Nutrient pollution Ocean acidification Oil spill Septic tank Surface runoff Thermal pollution Turbidity Urban runoff Wastewater Water quality Water stagnation Waterborne diseases.

Actinides in the environment Bioremediation of radioactive waste Environmental radioactivity Fission product Nuclear fallout Plutonium in the environment Radiation poisoning Radium in the environment Uranium in the environment. Land degradation Light pollution Pollution from nanomaterials Noise pollution Radio spectrum pollution Urban heat island Visual pollution.

Authority control BNE: Retrieved from " https: Soil contamination Environmental chemistry Environmental issues with soil Pollution Soil chemistry.

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This is known as land degradation.

Poster Be the Solution to Soil Pollution. Chart: Urbanization goes hand-in-hand with other changes in land use, such as deforestation. It affects the nervous and endocrine systems and causes the eggshells of birds to lack calcium causing them to be easily breakable.